Cancer is one of the major public health problems in Spain today. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 30-50% of cancer cases are preventable, so there is a need to reduce risk factors and implement science-based preventive strategies.
At the GCCC 360 Centre of Oncological Excellence we have a screening and early diagnosis unit focused on early detection of cancer and improving the chances of treatment success.
What is genetic counselling and what does it consist of?
At the GCCC 360 Centre of Oncological Excellence we are aware of the importance of identifying cancer risk and implementing the necessary measures to prevent it. Therefore, we make available to our patients the Family Cancer and Genetic Counselling Unit, whose main objective is to identify and offer counselling to patients and families who, due to their history or characteristics, have a higher risk of developing cancer.
At the GCCC 360 Centre of Oncological Excellence, this Family Cancer and Genetic Counselling Unit is available to all and is carried out by the Medical Oncology Department.
Cancer and inheritance
Cancer is a common disease and many families often have at least one member who has had it.
Certain types of cancers recur in some families and this is due in some cases to external causes, such as exposure of family members to certain factors or replication of habits that increase the risk of developing cancer, such as smoking, and in other cases cancers that occur due to the abnormality of a gene that is transmitted from generation to generation.
Approximately 5-10% of all cancers are inherited, meaning that mutations or changes in certain genes are passed on to offspring. People with these mutations are more likely to develop cancer in their lifetime.
What is the genetic counselling consultation?
Today, we have accurate genetic studies to estimate the risk of developing cancer in patients and their families. At the GCCC 360 Centre of Oncological Excellence, through the genetic counselling consultation, we inform our patients and/or their relatives about the potential risk of developing cancer based on their family history, and offer them guidelines on preventive measures to be taken and clinical follow-up recommendations for early diagnosis of cancer.