These tumours affect the reproductive system of women. They are more common after 50 years of age and include cancers of: ovary, endometrium, cervix, vagina, vulva, fallopian tubes, placenta and cervix.
These cancers have different symptoms:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge is common in all gynaecological cancers, except in vulvar cancer.
- Feeling too full quickly or having trouble eating, bloating and abdominal pain or back pain are common only in ovarian cancer.
- Pain or pressure in the pelvis is common in ovarian and uterine cancers.
- The need to urinate more frequently or urgently and / or constipation are common in ovarian and vaginal cancers.
- Burning, stinging, pain or tenderness in the vulva and changes in skin colour, such as a rash, ulcers or warts are common only in vulvar cancer.
Gynaecological cancers can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Within the techniques of radiation therapy, we have advanced techniques of Modulated Intensity (IMRT), Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT); Brachytherapy (BQ) High Rate (HDR) and Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT), only in cases where the BQ HDR cannot be applied or in oligometastases.
The rest of gynaecological tumours require treatment with chemotherapy and combinations of treatments according to the individual case.
Types of cancer Gynaecological: Breast cancer.